Lathe – Threading gear calculator

Having bought a lathe for various DIY projects back in 2015, i quickly discovered the need to cut some unusual thread pitches (Astronomy adapters in particular have some of the weirdest out there).

The lathe manual (or the housing of the transmission system :D) , usually provides some information regarding the gearing for the most used ones, such as 0.05mm, 0.1mm, 0.2mm, 0.4mm, 0.5mm, 1mm and so forth.

But nothing for lets say an M42x0.75 adapter widely used in photography and astronomy!

While looking through the web in 2016 for a lathe gear calculator there was none to be found, that took into consideration the spindle to gear A ratio.
The spindle in this specific lathe (and many other brands from what i have read ) has a ratio of 4.5 turns. So in order for gear A to make a full turn the spindle makes 4.5 turns.

Without this number the usual quadrant calculations for gearing lathes, obviously fails and your thread pitches are not what you have expected at all 😛

Here is a very crude calculator for finding out possible, combinations of gears in a metric lathe (that is, a lathe with a metric leadscrew although it can cut some imperial threads by approximation), in order to produce the desired pitch when cutting threads!

Do note that some of the produced combinations, are not feasible at all for the time being, but I will upgrade it when time permits.

Lathe threading gear calculator

Have fun!

 

New astronomy website!

Astronomy is a really broad subject. Same goes for astrophotography and all the weird gimmicks of this hobby.

Because for the most part of the year, I went full berserk mode into both and have gathered allot of images, data, procedures and various tutorials, which would kind of hijack this personal blog I decided to move astronomy and astrophotography into its own separate – special website 🙂

So if you are into any of those things or maybe like “nice”  images of the cosmos, do visit the website :  http://www.starcanvas.org

 

NGC6910 Gamma Cygni and nebulosity

HaRGB version of the beautiful Gamma Cygni and surrounding nebulosity region.

NGC 6910 is a Y-shaped cluster oriented northwest southeast. The two brightest stars are of magnitude 7.NGC 6910 is a small cluster, only 10′ in diameter

NGC6910 Gamma cygni by Marios Tsalkidis

The southernmost star is SAO 49563 (or V2118 Cygni), a variable star of spectral type B1.5Ia. Gamma Cygni, not far off the galactic plane is subject to a great deal of interstellar extinction and reddening from interstellar dust. The dust selectively absorbs and scatters blue light (roughly 1/wavelength), so when you look at a star through dust it will appear redder than it really is (basically the same reason the sun is reddened at sunset). The intrinsic B-V color of a B1.5Ia super giant is -0.2. The observed color is 0.83, about the color of a K0 dwarf or a G5 giant, so the star appears yellowish to the eye. Notice the yellow stars in the cluster, caused by interstellar dust, and the bluish-white stars in the vincinity of NGC 6910.

Technical details
Sky-Watcher 80ED Pro Black Diamond
SBIG 8300M
HEQ5 Pro
QHY5
Skywatcher .85x Focal Reducer & Corrector
PixInsight,  Main Sequence Software SequenceGeneratorPro
Accessories: Starlight Xpress Starlight Xpress FW 5*2”
Resolution: 1676×1266
Dates: June 13, 2015

Frames:
Baader 7nm Ha 2”: 10×300″ -5C bin 2×2
Baader Blue 2″: 10×120″ -5C bin 2×2
Baader Green 2″: 10×120″ -5C bin 2×2
Baader Red 2″: 10×120″ -5C bin 2×2

Integration: 1.8 hours
Darks: ~50
Flats: ~10
Bias: ~300
Avg. Moon age: 25.75 days
Avg. Moon phase: 15.29%
Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 2.00
Temperature: 17.50

Annotated version :

NGC6910 Gamma cygni Annotated by Marios Tsalkidis

M106 Spiral galaxy and neighbors

Messier 106 (also known as NGC 4258) is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Canes Venatici. It was discovered by Pierre Méchain in 1781. M106 is at a distance of about 22 to 25 million light-years away from Earth. It is also a Seyfert II galaxy. Due to x-rays and unusual emission lines detected, it is suspected that part of the galaxy is falling into a supermassive black hole in the center. NGC 4217 is a possible companion galaxy of Messier 106.

M106 Galaxy by Marios TsalkidisContains: NGC 4346, M 106, NGC 4258, NGC 4248, NGC 4220, NGC 4217

Characteristics
M106 has a water vapor megamaser (the equivalent of a laser operating in microwave instead of visible light and on a galactic scale) that is seen by the 22-GHz line of ortho-H2O that evidences dense and warm molecular gas.
These water vapors give M106 its characteristic purple color. Water masers are useful to observe nuclear accretion disks in active galaxies.
The water masers in M106 enabled the first case of a direct measurement of the distance to a galaxy and thereby providing an independent anchor for the cosmic distance ladder.M106 has a slightly warped, thin, almost edge-on Keplerian disc which is on a subparsec scale.

It is one of the largest and brightest nearby galaxies, similar in size and luminosity to the Andromeda Galaxy.
M106 has also played an important role in calibrating the cosmic distance ladder.
Before, Cepheid variables from other galaxies cannot be used to measure distances since they cover ranges of metallicities different from the Milky Way’s.
M106 contains Cepheid variables similar to both of the metallicities of the Milky Way and other galaxies’ Cepheids.
By measuring the distance of the Cepheids with metallicities similar to our galaxy, astronomers are able to recalibrate the other Cepheids with different metallicities, a key fundamental step in improving the distances to other galaxies in the universe.

Technical details
Sky-Watcher 80ED Pro Black Diamond
SBIG 8300M
HEQ5 Pro
Guiding : QHY5
Skywatcher .85x Focal Reducer & Corrector
Software: PixInsight,  Main Sequence Software SequenceGeneratorPro
Accessories: Starlight Xpress Starlight Xpress FW 5*2”
Resolution: 1676×1266

Dates: June 13, 2015

Frames:
Baader Blue 2″: 15×240″ -5C bin 2×2
Baader Green 2″: 15×240″ -5C bin 2×2
Baader Red 2″: 15×240″ -5C bin 2×2

Integration: 3.0 hours
Darks: ~50
Flats: ~10
Bias: ~300
Avg. Moon age: 25.75 days
Avg. Moon phase: 15.29%
Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 2.00
Temperature: 17.50
RA center: 184.451 degrees
DEC center: 47.451 degrees
Pixel scale: 4.272 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: 176.036 degrees
Field radius: 1.246 degrees

Annotated version :

M106 Galaxy Annotated by Marios Tsalkidis