Milling a large radius on a milling machine does not have to be limited by the size of the rotary table.
When tilting the head of the mill with a large cutter, be it a boring bar, fly cutter etc, the resulting cut is an ellipsis. This technique has been used for a long time by machinists before PC’s, CNC’s and other technological aids made their appearance in the industry.
The problem (or not 🙂 depending on the specifications tolerances) with the existing literature (such as the Machinery’s Handbook and others) is that the formula being used assumes that the desired width of said large radius is 0!
The following calculator averages the angle required to accommodate the width as well to provide a better approximation. By using the following calculator you can approximate a true circle radius with an accuracy of few microns.
The goal of this project was for the automated focusing system to have great holding torque (80Ncm) for heavy image trains (4-5kg) and very fine steps to accommodate the super tight FSQ106 critical focus zone.
The formula to calculate the critical focus zone on a telescope is : CFZ = Focal Ratio * Focal Ratio * 2.2 For the FSQ106ED we have : CFZ = 5 * 5 * 2.2 = 55microns So to be able to have perfect focus achieved we need every step on the motor to be 55microns or less for even better resolution.
The motor used on this build is geared and has a reduction of 250:3 which gives us 4000 steps per revolution.
One full revolution on the focuser coarse knob (where we are coupling our motor) makes the focuser move 29.8mm. Now we have all the data we can do the maths 😛 (29.8mm * 1000) / 4000 = 7.45 microns per step.
The actual resolution achieved with this build is 7.45 microns per motor step!
Having bought a lathe for various DIY projects back in 2015, i quickly discovered the need to cut some unusual thread pitches (Astronomy adapters in particular have some of the weirdest out there).
The lathe manual (or the housing of the transmission system :D) , usually provides some information regarding the gearing for the most used ones, such as 0.05mm, 0.1mm, 0.2mm, 0.4mm, 0.5mm, 1mm and so forth.
But nothing for lets say an M42x0.75 adapter widely used in photography and astronomy!
While looking through the web in 2016 for a lathe gear calculator there was none to be found, that took into consideration the spindle to gear A ratio.
The spindle in this specific lathe (and many other brands from what i have read ) has a ratio of 4.5 turns. So in order for gear A to make a full turn the spindle makes 4.5 turns.
Without this number the usual quadrant calculations for gearing lathes, obviously fails and your thread pitches are not what you have expected at all 😛
Here is a very crude calculator for finding out possible, combinations of gears in a metric lathe (that is, a lathe with a metric leadscrew although it can cut some imperial threads by approximation), in order to produce the desired pitch when cutting threads!
Do note that some of the produced combinations, are not feasible at all for the time being, but I will upgrade it when time permits.